The Adventures of Tom Bombadil, XII: Cat

The poem "Cat" was intended as being a poem in the marginalia in the Red Book, a piece written by Sam Gamgee as a touched-up version of an older piece of "comic bestiary lore of which Hobbits appear to have been fond" (The Adventures of Tom Bombadil, p. 232). It is a fairly short poem so I have quoted it below in it's entirety instead of writing a summary of it which would be only one sentence short.

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The Adventures of Tom Bombadil, IX: The Mewlips

This poem depicts nightmarish creatures called Mewlips and the depressing route  one takes to their dwelling and what happens when you reach it. There exsists a precursor to The Mewlips, it is called Knocking at the Door: Lines Induced by Sensations When Waiting for an Answer at the Door of an Exalted Academic Person. Tolkien published that one under a pseudonym in Oxford Magazine (1937).

The Adventures of Tom Bombadil, VI: The Man in the Moon Came Down Too Soon

This is the second poem about the Man in the Moon, also in this one, things are a bit out of control for him when he visits the world, seeking pleasures. According to the preface to the book, the poem is derived from Gondor, based on traditions of men, but here composed by hobbits. There have been many variations of this poem, the earliest being written in 1915. Some of the themes occurs in several of Tolkiens stories, such as the aspect of a Man in the Moon. 

The Adventures of Tom Bombadil, V: The Man in the Moon Stayed Up Too Late

This is the first poem out of two featuring the Man in the Moon in this book. There are only two minor differences between this version and the one featured in The Lord of the Rings. An original version can be read in The Return of the Shadow. A revision of that one was published in Yorkshire Poetry in 1923 as The Cat and the Fiddle: A Nursery-Rhyme Undone and Its Scandalous Secret Unlocked. The poem or song is written by Bilbo Baggins.