Hello all! One week ago I got back to Sweden from two months of archaeological fieldwork in England. I had prepared a group of posts to go up during September and October, making those months the busiest since I posted the HoME vol 1+2 posts. Truth be told, September actually broke my record of numbers … Continue reading A few words…
This poem is written by Samwise Gamgee and he has possibly based some of the characters on real hobbits. It features a lonely Troll befriending Perry-the-Winkle, a young hobbit. In ~1928 Tolkien wrote an earlier version to this poem called The Bumpus for a series of works.
This is the second poem about the Man in the Moon, also in this one, things are a bit out of control for him when he visits the world, seeking pleasures. According to the preface to the book, the poem is derived from Gondor, based on traditions of men, but here composed by hobbits. There have been many variations of this poem, the earliest being written in 1915. Some of the themes occurs in several of Tolkiens stories, such as the aspect of a Man in the Moon.
This is the first poem out of two featuring the Man in the Moon in this book. There are only two minor differences between this version and the one featured in The Lord of the Rings. An original version can be read in The Return of the Shadow. A revision of that one was published in Yorkshire Poetry in 1923 as The Cat and the Fiddle: A Nursery-Rhyme Undone and Its Scandalous Secret Unlocked. The poem or song is written by Bilbo Baggins.
This short poem is described as having been written into the marigins of the Red Book. It is supposed to depict a hobbit's idea of what an elf-maiden is. A precursor of the poem, called The Princess Ni, was published in the collection Leeds University Verse 1914-24.
Errantry is a poem made by Bilbo, possibly on early days after returning from his journey. The poem is a bit nonsensical and follows a mariner. An earlier version of this poem, with the same name, was published in the Oxford Magazine the 9th November 1933. A later version of the poem is Eärendil Was a Mariner which is also by Bilbo, in The Lord of the Rings.
For the second poem in this publication, Tom is yet again the main character. This time the reader follow him on a boating trip along the Withywindle and his journey to meet Farmer Maggot. In this story we encounter familar places in Buckland and the Shire. The idea is that the events set out occured some time after Frodo and the other Hobbits visited Farmer Maggot and Tom Bombadil and that the poem is composed by Buckland hobbits.
The title character of this book is none other than Tom Bombadil, who is featured in this poem. It is supposed to reflect poetry written by/being told by Hobbits in Buckland, who would be fairly well aquaintanced with Tom Bombadil, although they might not understand him perfectly. The poem have a fairly early origin, being concieved long before Frodo and his company meet Tom.
The Adventures of Tom Bombadil and Other Verses from the Red Book contains 16 poems, each with their own plot. It was first published in 1962. I have read a 2014 edition of the book, edited by Christina Scull and Wayne G. Hammond. It contains extra content, such as earlier versions of the poems, and commentary.
As an undergraduate student, Tolkien wrote The Story of Kullervo, inspired by the tales in Finnish Kalevala. This story was to further inspire the story of The Children of Húrin and the character of the dog Huan in the stories of Beren and Luthien.